8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, VIZIMPRO can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]. There are no available data on VIZIMPRO use in pregnant women. In animal reproduction studies, oral administration of dacomitinib to pregnant rats during the period of organogenesis resulted in an increased incidence of post-implantation loss and reduced fetal body weight at doses resulting in exposures near the exposure at the 45 mg human dose (see Data). The absence of EGFR signaling has been shown to result in embryolethality as well as post-natal death in animals (see Data). Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus [see Use in Special Populations (8.3)].
In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.
Daily oral administration of dacomitinib to pregnant rats during the period of organogenesis resulted in an increased incidence of post-implantation loss, maternal toxicity, and reduced fetal body weight at 5 mg/kg/day (approximately 1.2 times the exposure based on area under the curve [AUC] at the 45 mg human dose).
Disruption or depletion of EGFR in mouse models has shown EGFR is critically important in reproductive and developmental processes including blastocyst implantation, placental development, and embryo-fetal/post-natal survival and development. Reduction or elimination of embryo-fetal or maternal EGFR signaling in mice can prevent implantation, and can cause embryo-fetal loss during various stages of gestation (through effects on placental development), developmental anomalies, early death in surviving fetuses, and adverse developmental outcomes in multiple organs in embryos/neonates.
There is no information regarding the presence of dacomitinib or its metabolites in human milk or their effects on the breastfed infant or on milk production. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed infants from VIZIMPRO, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with VIZIMPRO and for at least 17 days after the last dose.
8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential
Verify the pregnancy status of females of reproductive potential prior to initiating VIZIMPRO [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].
VIZIMPRO can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].
8.5 Geriatric Use
Of the total number of patients (N=394) in five clinical studies with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC who received VIZIMPRO at a dose of 45 mg orally once daily [ARCHER 1050 (N=227), Study A7471009 (N=38), Study A7471011 (N=83), Study A7471028 (N=16), and Study A7471017 (N=30)] 40% were 65 years of age and older.
Exploratory analyses across this population suggest a higher incidence of Grade 3 and 4 adverse reactions (67% versus 56%, respectively), more frequent dose interruptions (53% versus 45%, respectively), and more frequent discontinuations (24% versus 10%, respectively) for adverse reactions in patients 65 years or older as compared to those younger than 65 years.
8.6 Renal Impairment
No dose adjustment is recommended for patients with mild or moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance [CLcr] 30 to 89 mL/min estimated by Cockcroft-Gault). The recommended dose of VIZIMPRO has not been established for patients with severe renal impairment (CLcr <30 mL/min) [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
8.7 Hepatic Impairment
No dose adjustment is recommended in patients with mild (total bilirubin ≤ upper limit of normal [ULN] with AST > ULN or total bilirubin > 1 to 1.5 × ULN with any AST) or moderate (total bilirubin > 1.5 to 3 × ULN and any AST) hepatic impairment. The recommended dose of VIZIMPRO has not been established for patients with severe hepatic impairment (total bilirubin > 3 to 10 × ULN and any AST) [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].